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Know more about United Arab Emirates
Location Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan.
Geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 77 00 E.
Map references Asia.
Area Total: 3,287,590 sq km
Water: 314,400 sq km
Land: 2,973,190 sq km.
Land Boundaries Total: 14,103 km.
Border Countries Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km.
Coastline 7,000 km.
Climate Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north.
Geography Note Dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes.
Population 1,045,845,226 (July 2002 est.)
Age Structure 0-14 years: 32.7% (male 175,858,386; female 165,724,901)
15-64 years: 62.6% (male 338,957,463; female 316,063,497)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 24,975,465; female 24,265,514) (2002 est.).
Population growth rate 1.51% (2002 est.).
Ethnic groups Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000).
Religions Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5% (2000).
Languages English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language.
Literacy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total Population: 52%
Male: 65.5%
Female: 37.7% (1995 est.)
Country Name Conventional Long Form : Republic of India
Conventional Short Form : India
Government type Federal Republic.
Capital New Delhi.
Independence 15 August 1947 (from UK).
National holiday Republic Day, 26 January (1950).
Constitution 26 January 1950.
Legal System Based on English common law; limited judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations .
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal.
GDP Purchasing Power Parity - $2.5 trillion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita Purchasing Power Parity - $2,500 (2001 est.).
GDP - composition by sector Agriculture: 25%
Industry: 26%
Services: 49% (2001 est.).
Population below poverty line 25% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share Lowest 10%: 3.5%
Highest 10%: 33.5% (2000)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.5% (2001 est.).
Labor force 406 million (1999).
Labor force - by occupation Agriculture 60%, Industry 17%, Services 23% (1999).
Budget Revenues: $48.3 billion
Expenditures: $78.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $13.5 billion (FY01/02 est.)
Industries Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software.
Agriculture - products Rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish.
Exports $44.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities Textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures.
Exports - partners US 22.8%, Hong Kong 5.8%, Japan 5.3%, UK 5.3%, Germany 4.6% (2000).
Imports $53.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Imports - commodities Crude oil, machinery, gems, fertilizer, chemicals.
Imports - partners Benelux 8.5%, US 8%, UK 6.2%, Japan 5.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.6% (2000).
Currency Indian Rupee (INR).
Currency code INR.
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March.
Source : www.cia.gov
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